Winter Plants for Chickens: The Best Options to Keep Your Flock Healthy and Happy

Winter can be a challenging time for backyard chicken owners. With the cold temperatures and limited food sources, keeping your feathered friends happy and healthy can be a real challenge. Fortunately, there are a variety of plants that can be grown in the winter months that can provide a source of fresh food and nutrition for your chickens.

Some of the best winter plants for chickens are from the brassica family, such as cabbage, brocolli and Kale. These can be grown in pots or in the ground near your chicken coop. These plants provide a great source of fresh food for your birds.

Understanding Chickens’ Winter Needs

As the temperature drops, it’s important to ensure that your chickens have everything they need to stay healthy and happy throughout the winter months. Here are a few key things to keep in mind:

Food and Water

During the winter, your chickens will need more food to maintain their body temperature and keep themselves warm. Make sure you provide them with plenty of high-quality feed, and consider supplementing their diet with scratch grains or other treats to help keep them warm.

It’s also important to ensure that your chickens have access to clean, fresh water at all times. In cold weather, their water may freeze over, so you may need to check and refill their waterer more frequently.


Chickens need a warm, dry place to roost at night, especially during the winter. Make sure their coop is well-insulated and draft-free, and provide plenty of bedding to help keep them warm.

You may also want to consider adding a heat lamp or other source of supplemental heat to their coop, but be sure to follow all safety guidelines and monitor the temperature carefully to avoid any potential fire hazards.

Exercise and Enrichment

Even in cold weather, it’s important to make sure your chickens get plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. Consider providing them with a covered outdoor area where they can scratch and peck, or offer them toys and other enrichment activities to keep them entertained.

Health and Wellness

Finally, it’s important to keep a close eye on your chickens’ health throughout the winter. Watch for signs of illness or injury, and be sure to provide them with any necessary veterinary care.

By taking these steps to meet your chickens’ winter needs, you can help ensure that they stay healthy, happy, and productive all season long.

Ideal Winter Plants for Chickens

When it comes to providing your chickens with fresh and nutritious food during the winter months, planting winter crops can be a great solution. Here are some ideal winter plants for chickens that you can consider:


Greens are a great source of vitamins and minerals for chickens. Here are some greens that you can plant during the winter months:

KaleRich in vitamins A, C, and K, and also contains calcium, iron, and antioxidants.
SpinachRich in vitamins A, C, and K, and also contains iron, calcium, and antioxidants.
Swiss chardRich in vitamins A, C, and K, and also contains magnesium, potassium, and iron.
Collard greensRich in vitamins A, C, and K, and also contains calcium, iron, and antioxidants.


Grains are a good source of carbohydrates and protein for chickens. Here are some grains that you can plant during the winter months:

  • Wheat
  • Oats
  • Rye
  • Barley

It’s important to note that not all plants are safe for chickens to eat. Make sure to do your research before planting anything near your coop. Also, keep in mind that chickens may not be able to forage as much during the winter months, so it’s important to provide them with enough food and water.

Benefits of Winter Plants for Chickens

Winter can be a challenging time for chickens as food sources become scarce and the cold weather can take a toll on their health. However, planting winter plants in your chicken coop or run can provide a range of benefits for your flock. In this section, we will explore the nutritional and behavioral benefits of winter plants for chickens.

Nutritional Benefits

Winter plants can provide a valuable source of nutrition for chickens during the colder months. Here are some examples of winter plants that are beneficial for chickens:

  • Kale: This leafy green is packed with vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, C, and K, and calcium. Chickens love to peck at the leaves and it can help keep them healthy.
  • Cabbage: Another leafy green that is high in vitamins and minerals, cabbage is also a good source of fiber. Chickens enjoy pecking at the leaves and it can help keep them entertained.
  • Carrots: These root vegetables are high in beta-carotene, which can help improve the immune system of chickens. They also provide a crunchy texture that chickens enjoy.

Behavioral Benefits

Winter plants can also provide behavioral benefits for chickens. Here are some examples:

  • Entertainment: Chickens can get bored during the winter months when they are cooped up inside. Planting winter plants in their coop or run can provide them with something to peck at and explore, which can help keep them entertained.
  • Stress relief: Chickens can become stressed during the winter months due to the lack of sunlight and cold temperatures. Planting winter plants can provide them with a calming and relaxing environment, which can help reduce their stress levels.
  • Natural dewormer: Some winter plants, such as nasturtiums, can act as a natural dewormer for chickens. The leaves and seeds of the plant contain a compound that can help expel intestinal worms from chickens.

Overall, planting winter plants in your chicken coop or run can provide a range of benefits for your flock. By providing them with a source of nutrition and entertainment, as well as reducing their stress levels, you can help keep your chickens healthy and happy during the colder months.

How to Grow Winter Plants for Chickens

If you’re looking to provide your chickens with fresh greens during the winter months, growing winter plants is a great option. Here are some tips on how to grow winter plants for chickens.

Indoor Growing

Growing winter plants indoors can be a great option if you don’t have a lot of outdoor space or if you live in an area with harsh winters. Here are some tips for indoor growing:

  • Choose a sunny spot: Winter plants need a lot of light to grow, so choose a spot in your home that gets plenty of sunlight.
  • Use grow lights: If you don’t have a sunny spot, you can use grow lights to provide your plants with the light they need to grow.
  • Choose the right plants: Some great winter plants for indoor growing include wheatgrass, kale, and spinach. You can also grow herbs like parsley, cilantro, and thyme.
  • Use the right soil: Use a high-quality potting soil and make sure your pots have good drainage.

Outdoor Growing

If you have some outdoor space, you can also grow winter plants outside. Here are some tips for outdoor growing:

  • Choose the right plants: Some great winter plants for outdoor growing include kale, collard greens, and Swiss chard. You can also grow herbs like rosemary, sage, and oregano.
  • Use the right soil: Make sure your soil is well-draining and has plenty of organic matter.
  • Protect your plants: Winter plants can be sensitive to frost and cold temperatures, so make sure to protect them with row covers or cloths if necessary.
  • Water regularly: Even though it’s cold outside, your plants still need water. Make sure to water them regularly, but be careful not to overwater.

Growing winter plants for chickens can be a great way to provide your flock with fresh greens during the colder months. With the right care and attention, you can grow healthy and nutritious plants that your chickens will love.

Potential Challenges and Solutions

Harsh Weather Conditions

Winter weather can be harsh on chickens and their environment. Cold temperatures, snow, and ice can make it difficult to keep chickens healthy and comfortable. One common problem is frostbite, which can affect chickens’ combs, wattles, and feet. To prevent frostbite, it is important to keep the coop dry, well-ventilated, and draft-free. Chickens also need a warm and dry place to roost at night, so consider adding insulation or a heat lamp if necessary.

Another challenge is keeping the water supply from freezing. Chickens need access to fresh water at all times, so it is important to use a heated waterer or change the water frequently to prevent it from freezing. Additionally, chickens may need extra feed during the winter months to maintain their body heat and energy levels.

Pest Control

Pests such as mites, lice, and rodents can be a problem during the winter months. These pests can cause discomfort and health issues for chickens, and can also damage the coop and feed storage areas. To prevent pest infestations, it is important to keep the coop clean and dry, and to regularly inspect and treat the chickens and their environment for pests.

One effective method of pest control is diatomaceous earth, which is a natural and non-toxic powder that can be sprinkled in the coop and on the chickens to kill pests. Additionally, sealing up any cracks or holes in the coop can prevent rodents from entering and causing damage. Regularly removing and disposing of any spilled feed can also help prevent pest infestations.


In conclusion, providing winter plants for chickens is an excellent way to ensure that your flock stays healthy and happy throughout the colder months. By offering a variety of nutritious and tasty greens, you can supplement their diet and provide them with the vitamins and minerals they need to thrive.

It is important to remember that not all plants are suitable for chickens, and some may even be toxic. Always research before introducing new plants to your flock’s diet and monitor them closely for any signs of illness or discomfort.

In addition to winter plants, it is also essential to provide your chickens with a warm and dry shelter, plenty of fresh water, and a well-balanced diet that includes protein-rich foods. By following these simple guidelines, you can ensure that your chickens stay healthy and happy all winter long.

Remember, a happy and healthy flock means more eggs, better meat, and a more enjoyable experience for you as a chicken keeper. So, take the time to provide your birds with the care they need, and you’ll be rewarded with healthy, happy chickens that will provide you with years of joy and companionship.

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